Summer Workshop Series
Summer Quarter 2017 Schedule
Each session will be held from 3:00-5:00pm with two one-hour presentations at each session.
Monday, June 26, 2017 (Directors’ Session)
3:00pm: Sarah Soule, Stanford Graduate School of Business
Osmotic Mobilization and Union Support during the “Long Protest Wave”
Despite increasing interest in the impact of social movements that target private firms, we know little about the emergence of such movements. Social movement theory situates such emergence in the context of larger protest cycles but has not tested the idea. We theorize about the determinants of osmotic mobilization---social movement spillover that crosses the boundary of the firm---and how it should vary with the ideological overlap of the relevant actors and the opportunity structure that potential activists face inside the firm. We test our hypotheses by examining the relationship between levels of protest in American cities around issues like Civil Rights, the Vietnam War, and the women's movement; and subsequent support for labor-union organizing in those cities. We find that greater levels of (lagged) protest activity are associated with greater union support; that such osmotic mobilization is greater when there is substantive overlap between the claims of the two parties; and that the extent of mobilization varies with the opportunity structure within private firms. We discuss the implications of ideological and interest overlap as a contingent factor in future research on the emergence of mobilization targeting private firms.
4:00pm: Mitchell Stevens, Stanford Graduate School of Education
Ambivalent Internationals, or, How US Social Scientists See the Rest of the World
Despite generations of intellectual protest, US social scientists with appointments in disciplinary departments continue to lend priority to the study of problems in the Global North and supposedly “general” models of social processes based on empirical inquiries in their own country. I argue that concerns about the temporal cost of language training, the competitiveness of faculty job markets, and department rankings lead senior faculty in economics, political science, and sociology to discourage doctoral study of phenomena beyond US borders. This creates startlingly large lacunae in disciplinary social-science knowledge over time. Findings are based on a study of social-science inquiry on eight US university campuses during the years following 9/11.
Tuesday, June 27, 2017
3:00pm: Anna Brattström, Lund University
Sustained Governance Misalignment: How Within-Firm Goal Conflict Influences Between-Firm Governance
Co-author: Professor Dries Faems, Groningen University
Discriminant alignment – i.e. the need to align transactional characteristics and governance arrangements – is a core principle in extant interfirm governance literature. When governance misalignment is present, interfirm relationships are therefore expected to be short lived. Yet, we provide a case study where, despite sustained misalignment between transactional characteristics (i.e. high asset specificity and uncertainty) and governance arrangements (i.e. absence of contract and inter-organizational trusts), partners continued and even further expanded their relationship. Based on an inductive analysis, we present a process model, identifying within-firm goal conflict as a triggering condition for sustained governance misalignment, and within-firm framing contest and within-firm countervailing behavior as important underlying mechanism. As a core contribution, we show that attention to within-firm goal conflict and the political wrangling such conflict may provoke, can lead to novel and counterintuitive insights for interfirm governance research. We bring forward a behavioral agenda for interfirm governance research, in which partner firms are not considered as monolithic entities, but as polilithic structures, where within-firm goal conflict can be present.
4:00pm: Dane Pflueger, Copenhagen Business School
What (else) is IT? Accounting infrastructure and the construction of a legal market for cannabis in Colorado
Co-authors: Tommaso Palermo, London School of Economics and Daniel Martinez, HEC Paris
This research investigates the role of a seed to sale inventory accounting technology known as Metrc in the organization of a new legal market for recreational cannabis in the US state of Colorado. To do so, we critically challenge the conventional view of accounting technology as a device or instrument, and instead conceptualize it as infrastructure. Emphasising the relational nature of infrastructure, we illustrate a new way in which Metrc operates on and within markets. This is one not of performing programmatic ambitions, but of continually recombining relations and generating new possibilities for ambitions to emerge.
Friday, July 14, 2017
3:00pm: Hilmar Mjelde, University of Bergen
Fumbling in the Dark: Party Response to Significant Electoral Defeats and the Case of the Norwegian Høyre and the US Republican Party
This article analyzes party change seen from the perspective of the parties themselves – an approach hitherto missing in the ongoing scholarly debate on party change. We analyze what parties propose to do in response to significant electoral defeats through a case study of the Norwegian conservative party, Høyre, and the US Republicans. Both were soundly defeated in the 1997 parliamentary election and the 2012 presidential election, respectively, and we study the reform plans Høyre’s Planning Committee and the Republican National Committee issued in the aftermath of the election. We show that the parties propose wide-reaching and similar measures in response to defeat. This response is explained by two circumstances. First, a significant electoral defeat, although it is a particular event, naturally invites a comprehensive search for explanations that may go much further back in time than the election. Thus, the search process itself generates multiple explanations for the defeat and reflects that ultimately, the parties don’t really know what caused their electoral defeat or what, exactly, to do about it. Hence, they take a broad approach to reform. Second, the response is colored by the past experiences of the parties as well as the institutional and political context in which they operate. What is seen as a possible response in some context may be impossible in another. That two parties operating at different points in time and in very different contexts respond largely in the same way, suggests that our findings may apply to parties elsewhere as well.
4:00pm: Peter Edlund, Uppsala University
Prizes, Sanctions, and the Organizing of Status
Co-authors: Josef Pallas and Linda Wedlin
Prizes proliferate. And they seem to be everywhere. The rapid emergence, plentiful existence, and wide influence of prizes has sparked vivid discussions among economists, sociologists, philosophers, and historians. We believe that management and organization theorists should be contributing to these scholarly discussions as well.
We take a decision-based view on prizes, seeing them as forms of partial organizing that seek to sanction by transferring status between individuals, groups, and/or organizations. Our aim in this chapter is to explore the roles, meanings, and effects of prizes as field-wide processes of partial organizing. We mainly use examples from science to approach our questions: How do prizes organize status relations? How do they organize status competition? And how does such organizing shape status orders in organizational fields?
In addressing these questions, we turn to three sanctioning processes of prizes as partial organizing forms: stereotypification, classification, and popularization. We argue that triads of prize givers, prize recipients, and prize audiences constitute the building blocks for sanctioning mechanisms that have important implications for the overall organizing of fields. We also discuss how these implications may be affected by the organizing of prizes themselves, relating this to the temporal location of drama and transparency of rules in prizes. We round off our chapter by pointing to avenues for further research at the nexus of prizes, status, and organizing.
Tuesday, July 18, 2017
3:00pm: Henrik Nielsen, Aalborg University
The relations between lean manufacturing, lean thinking, management accounting and firm performance – it is about time
This study addresses a holistic perspective on lean, where associations between lean manufacturing, management accounting practices, lean thinking, and performance are studied. It also investigates whether the operational performance effects from lean manufacturing, lean thinking and lean visual controls are moderated by the length of time companies’ have used lean manufacturing. By examining a structural equation model with survey data from 368 different manufacturing facilities, we find positive associations between lean manufacturing and all management accounting practices. We also find that lean manufacturing, value stream costing, and lean visual controls are positively related to lean thinking. Lean thinking is positively related to operational performance and lean manufacturing, and value stream costing and lean visual controls are indirectly related to operational performance through lean thinking. Additionally, we find that the performance effects of lean manufacturing and lean visual controls are moderated by the length of time companies have used lean manufacturing.
4:00pm: Åge Johnsen, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences
Impacts of Supreme Audit Institutions’ Performance Audits on Public Administration: A Comparative Analysis of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Norway and Sweden
With the evaluation movement of the 1960s and the new public management reforms of the 1980s, many countries have mandated supreme audit institutions (SAIs) and performance audit in government. These practices have been based on assertions of a positive impact on public administration but without much empirical evidence. The resulting extensive use of performance audit in public management reforms and administrative accountability, and recently fiscal stress in many countries following the financial crisis in 2007, has increased the interest in finding out whether performance audits contribute to an efficient and effective public sector or merely are rituals of verification producing comfort. This article explores survey data on the impact of SAIs’ performance audit on public administration in five countries. The results indicate that performance audits have positive impacts on usefulness, accountability, changes, and to some extent, improvements, as perceived by auditees who had experienced the audits. Regression analysis also identified some important determinants for the performance audit impacts.
Monday, July 24, 2017
3:00pm: Anni-Kaisa Kähkönen, Lappeenranta University of Technology
Renewing Supply Strategy: From Conventional to Sustainable
This paper investigates how the requirements for sustainability have affected the renewal of firms’ supply strategies. The paper integrates single supply decisions into firm-level supply strategy and views supply strategy as one coherent entity in which the decision-making is based on the values and principles of a firm. The research on sustainable supply management has increased rapidly during the past ten years. Yet, sustainability has rarely been connected to firmlevel supply strategy. This paper captures the decade of change and studies the renewal of supply strategy by utilising two qualitative data sets. The first data set was collected in 2006 and contains four case companies and 24 interviews. The second data set was collected in 2016, including 13 interviews in five case companies. The aim is to compare the supply strategy elements that were important for Finnish food industry companies a decade ago to the needs of today’s firms and to incorporate the concept of sustainability with the supply strategy frameworks. The empirical results comply with the observations made regarding the change in the amount of the research. Results confirm that a decade ago only minor attention was channelled towards sustainability whereas today sustainability is one of the most significant drivers behind supply decisions and supply strategies.
4:00pm: Christine Legner, Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC), University of Lausanne
Leveraging Mobile Technologies in Individual Routines
Co-authors: Thomas Boillat and Kenny Lienhard, Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC), University of Lausanne.
The IS discipline has a long tradition in investigating how new technologies affect work practices, but has mostly focused on the enterprise level. With mobile applications, we are facing a new technology wave that is centered on the individual users. Despite their popularity, mobile applications' possibilities to enhance an individual’s knowledge, skills, and competence in daily work practices have not been studied in a systematic way. Building on the concept of routines from organizational theory and insights from field studies, we investigate mobile applications acting as material artifacts and their possibilities of goal-oriented actions in individual routines. Our main contributions are the extension of Pentland & Feldman’s generative system model and a set of affordances that mobile applications bring to individual routines. Our findings complement recent studies on routines at the enterprise level and contribute to enhance artifact design knowledge for mobile applications beyond “interaction design".
Preliminary results have been published in the following article:
Boillat, Thomas ; Lienhard, Kenny ; Legner, Christine : Entering the World of Individual Routines: The Affordances of Mobile Applications, Proceedings of the Thirty Sixth International Conference on Information Systems, Fort Worth 2015
Friday, July 28, 2017
3:00pm: Lars Witell, Linköping University
Research Methodology in Service Research: The past, the present and the future
The service research field has grown in size and importance over the last 20 years and has developed from a subfield in marketing to a global, interdisciplinary research field focusing on the role of service in our economy. In the same time period, the context of service provision has changed with the introduction of Internet enabling new markets, new types of service providing customers the opportunity to serve themselves. These two developments urge us to revisit the research methodologies used in service research, and to review the literature with a focus on how the use of research methodology has developed to handle this new situation. The present paper reviews 943 research studies published between 1998 and 2016 in the premiere outlets for service research. For each type of research methodology, we identify emergent research practices, trends and ways forward for further development of service research.
4:00pm: Daniil Pokidko, Hanken School of Economics
The Utility of Video Diaries for Modeling and Evaluation of Experiential Learning Patterns -or-
Modeling the Experiential Learning Patterns: Theory & Practice
Imagine e.g. entrepreneurship class full of young students; you divide them into groups and ask them to generate an entrepreneurial idea and implement it in practice. How will you trace and model their experiential learning patterns? How do you compare them with each other? How will you account for their similarities and differences? Last, but not the least, how will you use that information for research and development of your course?
We propose the use of video diary methodology (VDM) as an innovative approach aiming to model and evaluate experiential learning (EL) patterns. Utilizing insights from psychology and psychotherapy, VDM provides students with the possibility to provide reports on their most memorable experiences during each learning session. Thus, VDM allows educators to capture individual, subconsciously held learning perceptions and compare them to the dynamic between-persons, as well as person-by-situation experiences, ensuring the validity of the gathered data while avoiding retrospective bias. We provide a step-by-step description of how to design and implement VDM in EL settings, beginning with the integration of VDM into the course design and ending with data analysis and its use for the modeling of EL patterns, course evaluation, and development. We support our claims with the help of longitudinal data, consisting of close to 400 video diary entries gathered during three repetitive years from an EL-based entrepreneurship course. We conclude by discussing the implications of a VDM approach for scholars interested in educational research and development.