Monday, 13 Jan 2014

Francisco Ramirez - Stanford University

The Age of the "World Class University"

Time and Location: 3:00-4:30 PM, CERAS Building, 520 Galvez Mall, Stanford CA 94305 (Room 123)

My reflection on the “World Class University” is based on three interrelated and recently published papers. These emphasize the properties of the world-class university as a template. These also emphasize the imagined impacts of high quality higher education. I will argue that the template has been influential as universities around the world seek to look like better-managed and more socially useful organizations. I will also argue that these developments take place despite the lack of evidence that world class universities are the key to economic development. The age of the “world class university” is one that undermines historically grounded universities earlier celebrated as laboratories of nationalism.  European universities struggle to adapt to the changing universalistic rules of the game while affirming their historical institutional roots.

These papers are:

“In Pursuit of Excellence? Discursive Patterns in European Higher Education Research” (with D. Tiplic) Higher Education (forthcoming) 

‘The Formalization of the University: Rules, Roots, and Routes” (With T. Christensen) Higher Education 65: 695-708 2013.

“Universalizing the University in World Society” (with J. Meyer) pp. 257-74 in J. C. Shin and B. M. Kehn, eds. Institutionalization of World Class Universities in Global Competition. Springer 2012.

Monday, 27 Jan 2014

Angelika Lindstrand - Stockholm School of Economics

Host-Country Networks and Institutional Awareness in The Internationalization Process of Firms

Co-authors are Kent Eriksson and Jessica Lindbergh

Time and Location: 3:00-4:30 PM, CERAS Building, 520 Galvez Mall, Stanford CA 94305 (Room 123)

Given the importance of institutions in international business, surprisingly little internationalization process research has studied how institutional knowledge and sensemaking of institutions is managed by the internationalizing firm. This study remedies this shortcoming. We develop the concept ‘Institutional Awareness’ and study factors that influence institutional awareness in the internationalization process. Air main focus lies on investigating how networks in the foreign host country influences this awareness. We also study how institutional awareness is influenced by host country institutional organizations and commitment to international business relationships with partners in the host country. The findings of a survey of 300 firms’ international business relationships are that each firm’s network in the host country has an effect on institutional awareness. The findings also show that institutional organizations, such as banks, industry organizations and authorities mediate this effect. The effect of host country network on institutional awareness is also mediated by commitments that the firm makes to the international business relationship. The theoretical contribution of this paper is that it adds to an increased understanding of the role of institutions in the internationalization process theory.

Monday, 3 Feb 2014

Tim Sullivan - Harvard Business Review Press

Marketology: How the quest for ruthless efficiency is shaping our world

Time and Location: 3:00-4:30 PM, CERAS Building, 520 Galvez Mall, Stanford CA 94305 (Room 123)

That markets are an efficient means for allocating scarce resources, to the benefit of everyone who participates has been one of the basic tenets of economics since the Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations was first published in 1776. The idea became one of the mathematical foundations of the discipline, though, only in 1954, when Ken Arrow and Gerard Debreu proved the “fundamental welfare theorem.” But real world markets are little like those mathematically perfect models described by the Arrow-Debreu model. So, for the past 60 years, generations of economists have been studying this gap, and working to close it. And more recently, this relentless quest for greater efficiency has spilled out into the world we live in, as economists and businesspeople have put these theories into practice. I’ll discuss how a mathematical conversation between economists about the fundamental nature of markets has fed back into the economy to transform the markets that we all use in the course of our daily lives.

Monday, 10 Feb 2014

Harald Saetren - University of Bergen

Lost in translation: Re-conceptualizing the Multiple Streams Framework back to its origin to enhance its analytical and theoretical leverage

Time and Location: 3:00-4:30 PM, CERAS Building, 520 Galvez Mall, Stanford CA 94305 (Room 123)

John W. Kingdon’s (1984) award winning multiple streams (MS) framework has been for a long time considered one among a few more promising policy theoretical constructs, particularly with respect to explaining policy change (Sabatier, 1999). In developing his MS framework Kingdon drew inspiration from the equally famous Garbage Can (GC) model of organizational decision making (Cohen et.al. 1972). However, in elevating the GC model decision logic to the highest level of societal decision making under a new label a few fundamental ideas got lost in the way Kingdon translated and simplified core concepts and notions in the GC model. The organization-institutional connection to decision stream elements in the MS framework is by far the most important omission in this respect. Another is the mistaken notion that the GC model and hence also the MS frame logic applies more to earlier decision stages rather than later.  Some other common misunderstanding and myths about the GC model (e,g. that it is some kind of chaos theory) has also been transferred to the MS framework.  Hence, we try to remind readers of the original intention and purpose of the GC model that should also inform the MS framework. The main argument of this paper is that the MS framework is the most promising multi-theoretical construct in explaining policy change but realizing that unfulfilled potential requires re-conceptualizing the MS framework back to its source of origin and fusing it with some other theoretical frameworks.

Monday, 24 Feb 2014

Nina Bandelj - University of California Irvine

From Cadres to MBAs: Extension of Management Education Field to Postsocialist Countries

Time and Location: 3:00-4:30 PM, CERAS Building, 520 Galvez Mall, Stanford CA 94305 (Room 123)

This paper combines interest in market transition after socialism with the inquiry into dynamics of organizational fields. I investigate the emergence of private management education in postsocialist Europe and Eurasia using organizational case studies, content analysis of websites, an open-ended survey of school administrators, and long-term participant observation. As vehicles of market-based knowledge diffusion, and often created with an explicit goal to facilitate market transition, management schools in the postsocialist region have been crucial in socializing cadres into market practices and representation. I typologize and describe the different aspects of the management education field extension to postsocialist countries starting in 1986 with the institutional entrepreneurship and political struggle; extension of resources; professionalization to augment legitimacy; and peer-awareness and community building. I point to the significant influence of North American and West European actors on management field creation in postsocialism, and stipulate about the consequences of this process for the specific version of postsocialist managerialism in line with neoliberal capitalism.

Monday, 3 Mar 2014

Katarina Kaarbøe and Anita Meidell - Norwegian School of Economics
Co-Author is Christian Eide Andvik

Enterprise Risk Management Practices - What are the Drivers for Differences?

Time and Location: 3:00-4:30 PM, CERAS Building, 520 Galvez Mall, Stanford CA 94305 (Room 123)

This chapter is a literature review that explores the driving forces behind enterprise risk management (ERM) practices with the aim to catalogue the range of potential pressures that can lead to different enterprise risk management practices. From a theoretical perspective, there are three conceptual categories of driving forces that help explain the use on ERM practices in organizations: (1) performance issues (2) legitimacy; (3) interests and power issues. Our findings show that research on ERM includes studies that focus on various determinants of ERM, and more recent research has investigated the potential value associated with ERM adoption. Even though there are many studies of ERM, the results are consistent only to a small extent. We argue that more studies are needed in general, especially of cases and of what is happening inside the company.

Monday, 10 Mar 2014

Amy Binder - University of California San Diego
Author/Critic Session

Becoming Right: How Campuses Shape Young Conservatives

Critics: Anthony Antonio, Prudence Carter, and Corey Fields

Time and Location: 3:00-5:30 PM, CERAS Building, 520 Galvez Mall, Stanford CA 94305 (Room 101 Learning Hall)

Please join us for an author/critics event for Amy Binder and Kate Wood’s Becoming Right: How Campuses Shape Young Conservatives (Princeton, 2013). The book is a lucid portrait of how residential higher education produces particular kinds of political selves.  It should be of great interest to many of us who think about (and experience!) the organization of contemporary college life.

Complimentary copies of the book are available to registrants (while supplies last) by REGISTERING HERE

This occasional series highlighting noteworthy new monographs on higher education is co-sponsored by SCANCOR and the GSE Higher Education Program.

3:00 - 4:30 PM; Author/Critic Session
4:30 - 5:30 PM; Reception